The National Health Surveillance Agency (Anvisa) is asking for reinforcement of non-pharmacological measures, such as distancing, use of masks and frequent hand hygiene, in airports and aircrafts, to delay the entry of the monkey pox virus into Brazil. Since the beginning of the month, at least 120 occurrences of the disease have been confirmed in 15 countries. The Ministry of Health has set up a situation room to monitor the monkeypox scenario in Brazil.
According to experts, the rare disease could arrive in the coming days . Suspected cases were reported in neighboring Argentina on Sunday. Monkey pox is, in fact, an original disease of wild rodents, but initially isolated in monkeys. It is frequent in Africa, but very rare in other continents.
Situation Room will monitor monkey pox in the country
Scientists believe that environmental imbalance is behind the current outbreak, but see no reason to panic. In addition, there are treatment and vaccines.
But alertness is needed, according to the Chief of the Division of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases at the Hospital das Clínicas at USP, Anna Sara Levin. “This personal transmission is a bit worrisome, we have to understand if there was an adaptation of the virus or very intense contact between people.”
“It’s another problem that adds to our current picture,” Urbaez said. “The positive point is that our surveillance is very sensitive, being able to detect the problems in real time.”
Monkey Pox: How it is transmitted and how to prevent it
Monkeypox is transmitted by proximity to an infected person, with virus being able to enter the body through the respiratory system, eyes, nose, mouth, or through lesions on the skin. Despite this, the disease does not spread easily.
Modes of infection include: coughing or sneezing from people with monkeypox; contact with blisters or sores on the skin of the sick; or contact with clothes, sheets, and towels of infected people.
After infection, the disease usually breaks out between 5 and 21 days, with symptoms such as fever, headache, back or muscle pain, inflammation of the lymph nodes, chills, and exhaustion. The rashes appear on the face and then spread to the rest of the body.
The itching is persistent and painful and goes through different stages, which can look like chickenpox or syphilis, before finally forming a scab until it falls off.
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